Since the beginning of time, records have shown that mankind has always been hard at work trying to find ways to easily move items around or transport people around. Carriages were invented and ships were built to transport items over the sea but they have always had difficulty finding ways to move things from a lower point to a higher point. Pulleys were used in the early days to move bricks and such other items needed during construction and building. According to history books, it was the Egyptians who first made use of a system similar to a modern escalator. It was used during the construction of the world famous pyramids. Roughly more than two million pieces of solid stone was used for the construction. The Egyptians made use of wooden bridges to move these heavy stones upwards to the top.
The first basic escalator was invented by Jesse Reno all the way back in 1859. The first prototype of the escalator model was kept at a twenty five degree angle and was powered by steam. In 1911, Jesse Reno sold his rights to a major elevators in Dubai company.
It was here along with the partnership with another inventor named Charles Seeberger that the modern day escalator was designed and manufactured. It was showcased at the Paris Exhibition and gained worldwide fame from that point onwards. The first escalator installed in England did not have steps. Instead it was a belt made out of two hundred and twenty four pieces of strong leather that were bonded together and made to travel in an upward direction. It was during the beginnings of the 20th century that manufacturers took notice of the market trend and started to manufacture more and better escalators. Unlike hydraulic lifts which are powered by hydraulic motors and pumps, escalators are powered by an electric motor and feature a system quite similar to a conveyor belt.
Escalators grew in popular due to their ease of use, especially in supermarkets and major department stores. They can also be used to direct consumers’ towards a particular side. If an escalator is kept on the exit path of a store, it can help stop people from using it as an entrance and vice versa. Nowadays they are also extremely popular in the transportation network. They are mainly used in the subways to make it easier for the public to move down the stairs. Escalators are also commonly used to help people cover large distances that they would otherwise be forced to walk through. They can also be used outdoors provided the models chosen are waterproof.